Civil engineers analyse, design and supervise the construction and maintenance of structures such as bridges, dams and buildings; transport systems, including roads, rail and airports; and systems for the supply of freshwater, wastewater treatment and stormwater collection.
Specialisations within civil engineering include:
Other civil engineers work as project managers or as site or project engineers, where they are responsible for planning and supervising construction works.
Most civil engineers are employed by:
There is strong demand for civil engineers due to the Canterbury earthquakes, increased government spending on major roading projects and upgrading water infrastructure, and construction of new electricity generation capacity, including access roads for wind farms.
Why are they called civil engineers?
Historically there were two types of engineer: military engineers who worked on arms and defences, and civil engineers who worked on public works projects. The word 'civil' comes from the same Latin root as 'citizen', 'city' and 'civilisation'.
Civil engineers generally earn:
Key tertiary qualifications include:
Completing a New Zealand Diploma in Engineering will qualify you for work as a civil engineering technician.
Required and recommended school subjects:
Other job roles you may be interested in:
Civil Engineer: People who work in this role
Civil Engineer: Companies that employ people in this job role